Surah Balad and the Muslim Response to the Paris Attacks


It is with shock and horror that the world looks on on the night of Friday, the 13th of November, when multiple coordinated attacks took place in Paris. Almost 130 dead (at the time of writing this article) and over 330 injured. Similar attacks have happened in that same week in Baghdad and in Beirut but have garnered much less media attention.

This article will not be about the hypocrisy of the media or anything of that sort, but it will be about the response of Muslims in dire straits. Because the attackers are believed to be Muslims, the Muslims of Europe are going to be on the receiving end of a lot of abuse, hatred and bigotry in the following weeks and months.

It is important for us to know and understand how Allah instructed our prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) to react as a minority when they were under intense scrutiny in Makkah. The Surah that Allah revealed was Surah Balad.

1 I swear by this city ––2 and you [Prophet] are an inhabitant/fair game of this city–

The stage was at a time when the persecution of the Quraysh had gone to an extreme. They were seeking to kill the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him. Allah took an oath by the city of Makkah. An oath that made Makkah a witness to the fact that the Prophet peace be upon him had the right to live in the city.

The phrase “hilum bi” has two connotations- that it is halal for the Prophet peace be upon him to live in the city, and also on the more grim side that his blood has been made halal to be taken by the Quraysh. The Quraysh have agreed that it is now ok to kill the Prophet. It is in such a stressful moment that Allah goes on to give his recommendations

3 [I swear] by parent and offspring, 4 that We have created man for toil and trial.

Allah takes an oath by the parent and the offspring, and gives that as a witness that man has been created in difficulty and hardship. There is hardship in carrying the child, in giving birth to the child, in raising a child and also when a child is obedient/disobedient. And that is reflected in the rest of human life as well.

Every human being has difficulties and hardships, and we are reminded through this that it’s okay; we are not alone. In fact, we are much better off than many other people around the world, alhamdulillah.

5 Does he think that no one will have power over him? 6 ‘I have squandered great wealth,’ he says. 7 Does he think no one observes him? 8Did We not give him eyes, 9 a tongue, lips, 10 and point out to him the two clear ways [of good and evil]?

Allah then turns to the evildoer. The one who does not care about his consequences and questions whether he thinks there is no account? Whether it be the attackers who have misused Islam, or the islamophobic bigots who harm Muslims in return, do they think they are safe from the judgement of Allah? Do they think they can outwit Allah? Do they think that Allah will not give due right to His slaves who have been wronged?

Allah then reminds both them and us, that He has given us eyes, a tongue, lips and has shown us both the paths of good and of evil. We can see injustice being done, and we have the tongue and lips that will enable us to speak and make a difference. And we clearly know what is good and what is not. So what is it that we should do?

11Yet he has not attempted the steep path. 12What will explain to you what the steep path is? 13 It is to free a slave, 14 to feed at a time of hunger 15 an orphaned relative 16 or a poor person in distress, 17 and to be one of those who believe and urge one another to patience and compassion. 18 Those who do this will be on the right-hand side, 19but those who disbelieve in Our revelations will be on the left-hand side, 20 and the Fire will close in on them.

In spite of going through times of hardship Allah is asking us to take a steep path. Why climb a mountain when we are even struggling to breathe? It is because it is through this that we earn our relief, and the good pleasure of Allah. In spite of it being Makkah, and the Prophet and his followers being under attack, Allah commands the steep path?

What is the steep path? Freeing a slave, feeding someone even if one is hungry themselves, taking care of the orphan and bringing them close and taking care of a poor person. Allah is making the Sahaba do good to the very community that is intent on harming them.

The more that we fear Islamophobia and bigotry, the more compassionate we should become to the weak and struggling in that very society. We do not respond to evil with evil; we respond to evil by doing more good.

People may malign the name of Islam, either by committing crimes in its name or by naming and shaming us on the media. But we seek our recompense from Allah. We do good, and we do even more good in times of distress.

Let us get more involved in local projects, in local activities than ever before. And that is because we believe in Allah and act as He wants us to. And as we go along we also urge one another to patience and compassion as in these times it is easy to forget about our values and lose patience too.

We ask Allah that He protect the Muslims of the East and the West from all harms and difficulties. We pray for ease for the families of the victims of the horrific attacks and ask Allah to guide the extremists of both sides.

by Raiiq Ridwan


  1. Javeed November 17, 2015 Reply

    jazakAllah for timely article.

  2. UmmAbdAllah November 17, 2015 Reply

    Jazaka Allahu Khairan. Very well put together and thought through. A light for all of us to aspire to.

  3. Anwar Chowdhury November 17, 2015 Reply

    Muslims are persecuted all over the world for 500 years. This is a crusade against the muslim. False Flag and ongoing dirty propaganda. One muslim country after another, they are are destroying in the last 15 years inhumanely & barbarically including Palestine. The children, the women, older and innocent people are the victim everyday. This is not the end and final result, Allah(swt) who created the soul will bring the perpetrator into justice in the day of judgement. Quran prohibit killing of a single soul. Peace never be achieved by killing rather it comes by accepting ISLAM – only true peace. The muslim having patience will be rewarded that day. If you love Allah, Allah will love you. You will rejoice that day. Ameen.

  4. Shirin November 17, 2015 Reply

    Jazak Allah khair for the article.

  5. munir Ahmed November 18, 2015 Reply

    Salam the eternal happiness is to be loved by Allah SWT, it is achieved through prevailing others need over our own. May Allah SWT enable us to earn love of Allah SWT the greatest happiness in this life and in the Hereafter.

  6. munir Ahmed November 18, 2015 Reply

    Practically we have abandoned the Quran therefore we are in a confused state, see verse 65 of surah 6

  7. nikhat kausar November 18, 2015 Reply

    Ihdinas siratul mustaqeem…siratal lazeena anamta alaihim…qairil maqdubi alaihim…waladdaalin.Ameen! Ya Rabbul Aalameen!

  8. Tanzil November 18, 2015 Reply

    Dua to be recited when we r afraid of people’s harm/attack
    اللَّهُمَّ اكْفِنِيهِمْ بِما شِئْتَ.
    Allahummak-fineehim bima shi’ta
    ‘O Allah, protect me from them with what You choose.’

  9. Sofia November 19, 2015 Reply

    Aameen yaa Rabb.
    The extremists can easily sway those who are not well informed about their deen. It should also be a wake up call for parents to give their children proper and timely education of the deen to reduce such cases.

  10. lubabatu shuaibu l November 24, 2015 Reply

    Oh Allah You alone we worship and You alone we asks for help…..May you forgive us and guide us to the straight path.

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Join our newsletter for latest updates

Forgot Username or Password?

Forgot Username or Password
Please enter your e-mail address. You will receive your username and password reset link via e-mail.