Why Do We Pray Salah? The Wisdom Behind Allah’s Obligations

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Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim

People often ask questions like ‘Why do I have to pray?’ or ‘Why do I have to wear hijab, can’t I just dress modestly?’ Even those who do obey the obligations of being a Muslim don’t always do them by heart, because we have the attitude of taking obligations as burdens upon us, something that we have to do in order to avoid the Hellfire. But in fact, the things which Allah the Exalted has made mandatory upon us are special gifts, and once we realize that, obeying them becomes so much easier.

Why does Allah ask us to pray, to fast, to avoid backbiting, to avoid alcohol, to wear hijab? What does Allah gain by these things which He has imposed on us? Some of you might be scandalized by such questions, and yet there are those among us who have these questions and doubts deep inside their minds, which they refuse to admit even to themselves. But it’s not healthy to avoid such questions, rather we should confront them and silence them with answers.

Allah says in the Quran:

مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَلِنَفْسِهِ ۖ وَمَنْ أَسَاءَ فَعَلَيْهَا ۖ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ تُرْجَعُونَ

Whoever does a good deed – it is for himself; and whoever does evil – it is against the self. Then to your Lord you will be returned. [45:15]

He the Exalted also said in a hadith Qudsi:

O My slaves, you can neither do Me any harm nor can you do Me any good. O My slaves, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and jinn of you to be as pious as the most pious heart of any man of you, that would not increase My domain a thing. O My slaves, were the first of you, and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to be as wicked as the most wicked heart of any man of you, that would not decrease My domain in a thing. O My slaves, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to stand in one place and make a request of Me, and were I to give everyone what he requested, that would not decrease what I have, any more than a needle decrease the sea if put into it. O My slaves, it is but your deeds that I reckon for you and then recompense you for, so let him who finds good (i.e., in the Hereafter) praise Allah and let him who finds other than that blame no one but himself. [Muslim]

Whenever we do an act of worship, no matter what it is, we are not benefiting Allah, the Exalted, even the slightest bit. We’re benefiting ourselves, even though we don’t often realize it.

What benefit does salah bring for us? Let us see what Allah said:

  • Prayer helps us avoid immorality and wrongdoing

اتْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ ۖ إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ تَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنكَرِ ۗ وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ

Recite, [O Muhammad], what has been revealed to you of the Book and establish prayer. Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing, and the remembrance of Allah is greater. And Allah knows that which you do. [29:45]

  • Prayer is the means of seeking Divine help

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلَاةِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ الصَّابِرِينَ

O you who have believed, seek help through patience and prayer. Indeed, Allah is with the patient. [2:153]

  • Prayer wipes out sins

The Messenger of Allah () said: “Do you think that if there was a river by the gate of one of you, and he bathed in it five times each day that there would remain any filth on him?” They said: “No filth would stay on him.” He said: “That is the parable of the five prayers, Allah wipes out the sins with them.” [Tirmidhi]

  • Prayer is purification of the soul

ۗ إِنَّمَا تُنذِرُ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُم بِالْغَيْبِ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ ۚ وَمَن تَزَكَّىٰ فَإِنَّمَا يَتَزَكَّىٰ لِنَفْسِهِ ۚ وَإِلَى اللَّهِ الْمَصِيرُ

… You can only warn those who fear their Lord unseen and have established prayer. And whoever purifies himself only purifies himself for [the benefit of] his soul. And to Allah is the [final] destination. [35:18]

These are just a few of the obvious benefits of prayer. Allah al Hakim’s wisdom is far far above anything we can fathom. If we trust Allah, then we’ll know for sure that whatever Allah has told us to do is for our own benefit, and if we can build that kind of trust, then worship will become easy.

Learn to Read Quran the easy way: here’s a free lesson. Try it out!

 

Tabassum Mosleh

 

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